We use it

To talk about something which is happening now.

To talk about activities which are happening but not necessarily in this precise moment.

It is also used to talk about activities which are going to happen in the near future, especially planned events.

Key Words

These are the words and phrases that generally appear in this verbal tense sentences.The most common are...

- Now

- In this moment

- Right now

- This week

- This monday

- Next

- Currently

Subject + Verb To Be + Verb Ing + the rest of the sentence...

Remember

That the verb "To Be" is divided in three different forms

Am - Is - Are

and you have to pay attention to the subject to write the correct form of the verb.

- I am

- You are

- She is

- He is

- It is

- We are

- They are

The verb To Be is followed by an -Ing ending.

Watch > Watching

Smell > Smelling

Study > Studying

Read > Reading

Examples

I am going to the cinema in this moment.

Lucy is studying in her room right now.

My sister and I are cooking dinner.

Peter is training a lot for the competition next week.

Subject + Verb To Be (negative) + Verb Ing + the rest of the sentence.

It is used the same structure that in the affirmative form but the verb "To Be" is in the negative form.

Remember

The negative form of the verb "To Be" is

Am Not - Is Not - Are Not

Short form

I'm Not, Isn't, Aren't.

The main verb is always followed by an -Ing ending.

Examples

They aren't talking in this moment.

Paul is not painting the wall.

I am not listening to you.

They aren't seeing the dentist this week.

Verb To Be + Subject + Verb Ing + the rest of the sentence...?

In the interrogative form, the verb "To Be" comes before the subject.

Remember

The main verb is always followed by an -Ing ending.

Examples

Are you looking at me?

Is she watching TV now?

Is Emma eating that hamburger?

Are the twins visiting Paris next month?

T

B