We use it

To make it clear what the noun refers to in most of the conversations .


Articles are divided into Definite and Indefinite. We will explain their uses in different sentences with examples.

The two indefinite articles are

A / An

Indefinite means "not specific", so we use them when we are talking about something in general.

I need a pencil.

(any pencil, not a specific one).


"A" + Consonant

We use "A" or "An" depending on the first letter of the word following the article.

We use "A" when the following word starts with a consonant or u/eu when it sound like "You".


A cat.

A flower.

A university.

A european girl.

A hero.


"An" + Vowel

We use "An" when the following word starts with a vowel or a mute H.


An elephant.

An orange.

An honor.

An hour.


"A/an" + New Info

We use "A / An" to refer to something for the first time, when we introduce something new to a listener.


I bought a new car.

(I'm talking about the car for the first time).

Kate is a doctor.

(This is new information about Kate).


"A/an" + Singular Nouns

We use "A / An" to talk about singular nouns, since they mean "One" or "A unit".


I'd like a cup of tea and some biscuits.

I'd like one cup of tea and some biscuits.

That is an elephant.

That is one elephant.


"A/an" No Genre

The use of "A / An" does not depend on the gender of the nouns, we use them both for female and male nouns.


A boy.

A girl.

A bike.

A car.

An elephant.

An umbrella.

An orange.

In English, the only definite (specific) article is "The".

We use "The" to talk about something that has already been mentioned or that the listener already knows, for example...

I have a car. The car is blue.

Remember the girl we were talking about yesterday?

We use "The" to talk about things that are unique or known by everybody, for example...

- The sun.

- The moon.

- The atlantic ocean.

- The president of the USA.

- The world.

We use "The" to talk about both singular and plural nouns, for example...

- The flower.

- The flowers.

- The car.

- The cars.