To make it clear what the noun refers to in most of the conversations .
Articles are divided into Definite and Indefinite. We will explain their uses in different sentences with examples.
The two indefinite articles are
A / An
Indefinite means "not specific", so we use them when we are talking about something in general.
I need a pencil.
(any pencil, not a specific one).
"A" + Consonant
We use "A" or "An" depending on the first letter of the word following the article.
We use "A" when the following word starts with a consonant or u/eu when it sound like "You".
A european girl.
"An" + Vowel
We use "An" when the following word starts with a vowel or a mute H.
"A/an" + New Info
We use "A / An" to refer to something for the first time, when we introduce something new to a listener.
I bought a new car.
(I'm talking about the car for the first time).
Kate is a doctor.
(This is new information about Kate).
"A/an" + Singular Nouns
We use "A / An" to talk about singular nouns, since they mean "One" or "A unit".
I'd like a cup of tea and some biscuits.
I'd like one cup of tea and some biscuits.
That is an elephant.
That is one elephant.
"A/an" No Genre
The use of "A / An" does not depend on the gender of the nouns, we use them both for female and male nouns.
In English, the only definite (specific) article is "The".
We use "The" to talk about something that has already been mentioned or that the listener already knows, for example...
I have a car. The car is blue.
Remember the girl we were talking about yesterday?
We use "The" to talk about things that are unique or known by everybody, for example...
- The sun.
- The moon.
- The atlantic ocean.
- The president of the USA.
- The world.
We use "The" to talk about both singular and plural nouns, for example...
- The flower.
- The flowers.
- The car.
- The cars.